Color illustration of a woman in motley

Bonesetter Sarah Mapp, by George Cruikshank, 1819. The unflattering depiction is based on one by satirist William Hogarth, who in A Company of Undertakers (1737) lumped Mapp in with famous quacks of the 18th century. In fact, the bombastic Mapp—she dubbed herself “Crazy Sally”—was widely respected for her skill in setting broken bones and dislocated joints.

Wellcome Collection