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Historical Biographies

Science is a human pursuit. Meet the people behind some of chemistry’s most important milestones.

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A

Acheson, Edward Goodrich (1856–1931)
Arrhenius, Svante August (1859–1927)
Avogadro, Amedeo (1776–1856)

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B

Baekeland, Leo Hendrik (1863–1944)
Banting, Frederick Grant (1891–1941)
Barton, Jacqueline K. (1952– )
Beckman, Arnold O. (1900–2004)
Benerito, Ruth (1916–2013)
Benesch, Reinhold (1919–1986)
Benesch, Ruth Erica (1925–2000)
Berg, Paul (1926– )
Berkowitz, Joan (1931– )
Berson, Solomon (1918–1972)
Berzelius, Jöns Jakob (1779–1848)
Best, Charles Herbert (1899–1978)
Blodgett, Katharine Burr (1898–1979)
Boyer, Herbert W. (1936– )
Boyle, Robert (1627–1691)
Brady, St. Elmo (1884–1966)
Brown, Rachel Fuller (1898–1980)
Bunsen, Robert (1811–1899)

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C

Cain, Gordon A. (1912­−2002)
Cannizzaro, Stanislao (1826–1910)
Carothers, Wallace Hume (1896–1937)
Carson, Rachel (1907–1964)
Carver, George Washington (ca.1864–1943) 
Chain, Ernst Boris (1906–1979)
Chandler, Edward (1887–1973)
Chang, Nancy (1950– )
Charpentier, Paul (n.d.)
Chowdhry, Uma (1947– )
Cohen, Stanley N. (1935– )
Cohn, Mildred (1913–2009)
Collip, James Bertram (1892–1965)
Cori, Carl Ferdinand (1896–1984)
Cori, Gerty Theresa (1896–1957)
Couper, Archibald Scott (1831–1892)
Courvoisier, Simone (n.d.)
Crick, Francis (1916–2004)
Curie, Marie Sklodowska (1867–1934)
Curl, Robert F., Jr. (1933– )

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D

Dalton, John (1766–1844)
Daly, Marie Maynard (1921–2003)
Davis, George E. (1850–1906)
Davy, Humphry (1778–1829)
Delay, Jean (1907–1987)
Deniker, Pierre (1917–1998)
Djerassi, Carl (1923–2015)
Domagk, Gerhard (1895–1964)
Dow, Herbert Henry (1866–1930)
Drew, Charles Richard (1904–1950) 
du Pont, Eleuthère Irénée (1771–1834)

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E

Ehrlich, Paul (1854–1915)
Elion, Gertrude (1918–1999)

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F

Faraday, Michael (1791–1867)
Fieser, Louis (1899–1977)
Fieser, Mary Peters (1909–1997)
Fischer, Emil (1852–1919)
Fleming, Alexander (1881–1955)
Florey, Howard Walter (1898–1968)
Franklin, Rosalind (1920–1958)
Free, Alfred (1913–2000)
Free, Helen M. (1923– )
Fuller, Ray W. (1935–1996)

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G

Gay-Lussac, Joseph Louis (1778–1850)
Good, Mary Lowe (1931– )
Gore, Robert W. (1937– )

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H

Haber, Fritz (1868–1934)
Hach-Darrow, Kathryn (1922– )
Hahn, Otto (1879–1968)
Hall, Charles M.  (1863–1914)
Hamilton, Alice (1869–1970)
Hammond, Paula (1963– )
Harrison, Anna Jane (1912–1998)
Hazen, Elizabeth Lee (1885–1975)
Heeger, Alan J. (1936– )
Héroult, Paul (1863–1914)
Hill, Henry Aaron (1915–1979)
Hitchings, George (1905–1998)
Hodgkin, Dorothy Crowfoot (1910–1994)
Hoffman, Darleane (1926– )
Hoffmann, Felix (1868–1946)
Hoffmann, Roald (1937– )
Houdry, Eugene (1892–1962)

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J

Joliot, Frédéric (1900–1958)
Joliot-Curie, Irène (1897–1956)
Julian, Percy Lavon (1899–1975)

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K

Kekulé von Stradonitz, August (1829–1896)
Kirchhoff, Gustav (1824–1887)
Kroto, Harold W. (1939–2016)
Kwolek, Stephanie L. (1923–2014)

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L

Laborit, Henri-Marie (1914–1995)
Landau, Ralph (1916–2004)
Langer, Robert S. (1948– )
Langmuir, Irving (1881–1957)
Lavoisier, Antoine-Laurent (1743–1794)
Lewis, Gilbert Newton (1875–1946)
Lewis, Warren K. (1882–1975)
Liebig, Justus von (1803–1873)
Linde, Carl von (1842–1934)
Little, Arthur D. (1863–1935)

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M

MacDiarmid, Alan G. (1927–2007)
Macleod, John James Rickard (1876–1935)
Marcet, Jane (1769–1858)
Marker, Russell Earl (1902–1995)
Mazumdar-Shaw, Kiran 
Meitner, Lise (1878–1968)
Mendeleev, Dmitri Ivanovich (1834–1907)
Menten, Maud Leonora (1879–1960)
Meyer, Julius Lothar (1830–1895)
Michaelis, Leonor (1875–1949)
Molina, Mario (1943– )
Molloy, Bryan B. (1939–2004) 
Moore, Gordon E. (1929– )

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N

Natta, Giulio (1903–1979)
Nobel, Alfred (1833–1896)

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O

Othmer, Donald F. (1904–1995)

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P

Pasteur, Louis (1822–1895)
Pauling, Linus Carl (1901–1994)
Perkin, William Henry (1838–1907)
Plunkett, Roy J. (1910–1994)
Priestley, Joseph (1733–1804)

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R

Ramsay, William (1852–1916)
Richards, Ellen H. Swallow (1842–1911)
Richards, Theodore William (1868–1928)
Rosenkranz, George (1916– )
Rutherford, Ernest (1871–1937)

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S

Sabin, Albert Bruce (1906–1993)
Salk, Jonas (1914–1995)
Seaborg, Glenn (1912–1999)
Sharp, Phillip (1944– )
Shirakawa, Hideki (1936– )
Singer, Maxine (1931– )
Smalley, Richard E. (1943–2005)
Solomon, Susan (1956– )
Sørensen, Søren (1868–1939)
Staudinger, Hermann (1881–1965)
Strassmann, Fritz (1902–1980)
Szent-Györgyi, Albert (1893–1986)

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T

Thomson, Joseph John (1856–1940)
Tomalia, Donald (1938– )

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V

van’t Hoff, Jacobus Henricus (1852–1911)

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W

Walker, William H. (1869–1934)
Watson, James (1928– )
Wiley, Harvey Washington (1844–1930)
Wilkins, Maurice (1916–2004)
Wöhler, Friedrich (1800–1882)
Wong, David T. (1935– )
Woodward, Robert Burns (1917–1979)

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Y

Yalow, Rosalyn (1921–2011)

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Z

Ziegler, Karl (1898–1973)

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